How Much Care Do Guinea Pigs Need?

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Guinea pigs are social animals that need companionship so it is generally recommended to have at least two.

They are also active and playful so they need ample space to run and play.

In terms of diet guinea pigs need a diet high in hay fresh vegetables and water.

Here are some more specific details on how to care for your guinea pigs:

Housing

Your guinea pigs will need a spacious home that provides them with plenty of room to run and play.

The American Humane Association recommends a minimum cage size of 7.

5 square feet for two guinea pigs.

If you have more than two guinea pigs you will need to provide them with even more space.

Your guinea pigs’ home should also be equipped with a hiding place where they can go to feel safe and secure.

A cardboard box or small pet house works well for this.

Diet

Guinea pigs require a diet that is high in hay fresh vegetables and water.

Hay should make up the majority of your guinea pigs’ diet and should be available to them at all times.

Timothy hay is a good option as it is rich in nutrients and helps keep your guinea pigs’ digestive system healthy.

Fresh vegetables should be given to your guinea pigs daily and should make up about 20% of their diet.

Some good options include dark leafy greens carrots and cucumbers.

Water should be available to your guinea pigs at all times and should be changed daily.

A water bottle with a sipper tube is the best way to provide water to your guinea pigs.

Exercise

Guinea pigs are active and playful so they need ample space to run and play.

A large exercise pen or an outdoor play area is ideal.

Your guinea pigs should also have access to toys and chew toys to keep them entertained.

Some good options include balls tunnels and chew toys made specifically for guinea pigs.

Grooming

Guinea pigs require regular grooming to keep their fur clean and free of mats.

You should brush your guinea pigs’ fur at least once a week using a soft-bristled brush.

If your guinea pigs’ fur becomes matted you can use a detangling spray to help loosen the mats.

You should then use a wide-toothed comb to gently comb out the mats.

If you notice your guinea pigs are scratching a lot they may have mites.

Mites are tiny parasites that live in the skin and cause intense itching.

If you suspect your guinea pigs have mites take them to the vet for treatment.

Health

Guinea pigs are generally healthy animals but there are a few health problems to be aware of.

The most common health problem in guinea pigs is dental problems.

Guinea pigs’ teeth grow continuously so they require special attention to keep them from getting too long.

You should check your guinea pigs’ teeth regularly and have them trimmed by a vet if necessary.

Another common health problem in guinea pigs is respiratory infections.

Signs of a respiratory infection include sneezing wheezing and difficulty breathing.

If you notice any of these signs take your guinea pig to the vet for treatment.

Finally guinea pigs are susceptible to a condition called enteritis which is an inflammation of the intestines.

Symptoms of enteritis include diarrhea lethargy and lack of appetite.

If you notice any of these signs take your guinea pig to the vet for treatment.